Dr. Sylvestre MAURICE is a French astrophysicist, a planetary scientist at the Institut de Recherche en Astronomie et Planétologie (IRAP), a laboratory of the Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées where space instruments are being built for planetary exploration. Following an engineering degree, in 1991 he started his academic career with the analysis of plasma data at Saturn with NASA Pioneer 11, Voyager 1 & 2 spacecraft. He has been a long-time member of the plasma package on NASA Cassini. Starting in 1998, he developed a special expertise in the analysis of surface composition data, being a collaborator of the neutron spectrometers on the NASA Lunar Prospector, Mars Odyssey, and Messenger missions.
This effort led to the discoveries of water deposits at the lunar poles (1998), at the equator of Mars (2004), and at the poles of Mercury (2012).
For the Moon composition, he has been co-I of the Japanese SELENE mission, the ESA SMART-1 mission, and the Indian Chandrayaan-1 mission. Since 2004, S. Maurice is co-PI of ChemCam, the rst extra-terrestrial laser-induced Breakdown Experiment (LIBS) onboard the NASA Mars Science Laboratory - Curiosity rover - mission.
This instrument and the rest of the science payload demonstrated that, in
the past, Mars was a habitable world (2014). He is co-PI of the RLS experiment onboard the ESA ExoMars-2020 mission that will y the rst extra-terrestrial CW- Raman experiment. He is also co-PI of the SuperCam instrument onboard the NASA Mars 2020 mission. This experiment includes LIBS, pulse-Raman, near-IR spectroscopy, acoustic, and imaging.
He is author or co-author of over 120 peer-reviewed publications in the areas of planetary sciences and instrumentation. S. Maurice is a long-time advisor at the space science museum Cité de l’Espace, Toulouse. He gives ~40 public lectures per year on various subjects about space exploration.
Place : Catering Area